NTU Ballot Guide: 2020 General Election

CLICK HERE FOR THE PRINTABLE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF THE 2020 BALLOT GUIDE

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With Election Day 2020 only a handful of days away and early voting already commencing in some states, America is officially in the final stretch of election season. Since the presidency and Congress are both up for grabs, energy and enthusiasm is surging and is likely to generate record numbers of voter turnout. Though these federal races are surely to be the main focus on the minds of voters, taxpayers should also take note of key ballot initiatives, referenda, and constitutional amendments on statewide and local election slates. Such contests may not generate the same number of headlines as presidential and high profile Senate races, but the outcomes of these elections might have the most significant impact on the pockets of our nation’s citizens.

In our latest edition of National Taxpayers Union’s Ballot Guide, we have made every effort to compile a complete list of state and local ballot measures that pertain to tax, budget, and free market issues. This important educational publication is intended to serve as a resource for taxpayers no matter where they live so they can see the true cost and impact ballot measures will have on their wallets. NTU took great care in examining tens of thousands of sample ballots in nearly every county - whether big or small, rural or urban, or anywhere in between, to provide our nation's taxpayers accurate information on what’s on their ballot. We are proud to claim our 2020 Ballot Guide is the most comprehensive guide in our organization’s rich fifty-one year history. 

From the National Taxpayers Union’s independent analysis, this election day voters across 37 states will vote on 25 statewide measures and 2,365 measures across hundreds of counties. By our calculations, voters will decide on ballot measures at the state and local level that total at least $24.785 billion in annual tax increases or extensions. If every tax measure is adopted, 2020 could be one of the largest net tax increases in modern American history.

Of the $24.785 billion in higher revenue, $14.643 billion is from higher property tax rates, $6.2 billion from higher income and payroll tax rates, $1.65 billion from higher sales tax rates, $248 million from business taxes, and billions more from other sources. Unfortunately, due to a lack of data available in a number of counties, NTU was unable to provide fiscal estimates for 1,248 ballot measures, the vast majority of which are located in the state of Ohio.

Hundreds of measures that call for higher taxes would also result in the issuance of bonds. We estimate that voters will decide upon a total of $50.2 billion in new bonds in this election. These obligations could have a significant impact on taxpayers for decades.

Although NTU took great care to identify important taxpayer measures across the country, it is impossible to ensure every state’s full election slate is presented here. Some localities do not always post their sample ballots online, and other localities may not include a fiscal analysis indicating the estimated revenue that would be raised from a tax increase. Taxpayers are strongly encouraged to check with their local election authorities for additional information. 

Finally, NTU would like to thank the dozens of Secretaries of State offices, county election officials, Ballotpedia, and many others for their help in finding this information. While our constant pestering for data may have been an annoyance to some, their contributions have allowed us to provide a clearer picture of what is at stake for taxpayers in this election.

 

** This guide is for informational purposes only; it is not intended to provide endorsements or recommendations to voters. **

 

Alabama

 

Alabama Local Measures

Crenshaw County

Local Levy: Authorizes an increase to the countywide property tax rate to fund health care services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of 400,000 annually, the ballot text says this measure would increase the property tax rate by 3 mills on each dollar of assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear  

Elmore County

Special Election: Continuation of a special countywide property tax to fund public education services
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would extend the property tax rate of $1 per $1,000 of assessed property value.
Duration: 29 years

Fayette County

Special Election: Authorizes an increase to the countywide property tax rate to fund pay for firefighters
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would increase the property tax rate by 3 mills on each dollar of assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Geneva County

Special County Tax: Authorizes an increase to the countywide property tax rate to fund health care services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $200,000 annually, the ballot text says this measure would increase the property tax rate by 4 mills on each dollar of assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Greene County

Local Referendum 1: Authorizes an increase to the countywide property tax rate to fund hospital services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $640,000 annually, the ballot text says this measure would increase the property tax rate by 4 mills on each dollar of assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Macon County

Special Election: Continuation of a special countywide property tax to fund public education services
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would increase the property tax rate by $10 per $1,000 of assessed property value.
Duration: 29 years

Marshall County

Local Referendum VFD 15: Authorizes a new monthly fire protection charge on properties located in the district
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would impose a flat monthly fee of $5 on each property in the fire protection district.
Duration: Unclear

Mobile County
Special Election: Permits the issuance of $58 million in bonds for roadway improvements in the County
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $5.8 million annually, by increasing the property tax rate.
Duration: Through 2033

Montgomery County

Special Election: Authorizes an increase to the countywide property tax rate to fund public education services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $33 million annually, the ballot text says this measure would increase the property tax rate by $18.5 per $1,000 of assessed property value.
Duration: 27 years

St. Clair County

Special Election: Allows for the establishment of countywide property tax to fund public education
Tax Impact: While this measure would not result in a tax increase, it allows for a future tax increase to take place.
Duration: Unclear
 

Sumter County

Local Levy: Authorizes an increase to the countywide property tax rate to fund public education services
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would increase the property tax rate by $3 per $1,000 of assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Local Levy: Authorizes an increase to the countywide property tax rate to fund public education services
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would increase the property tax rate by $5 per $1,000 of assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Washington County

Special Election: Continuation of a countywide property tax to fund operations at the county hospital
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would extend the property tax rate of 2 mills on each dollar of assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2034

 

 

Alaska

Ballot Measure 1: Significantly increases taxes on oil production in the Alaskan North Slope
Tax Impact: A tax hike ranging from $517 million to $1.1 billion depending on the oil barrel prices
Duration: Permanent
Summary: Ballot Measure 1 would increase oil production taxes on oil fields that meet the following criteria: fields located above 68 degrees north latitude – also known as the North Slope, fields which have a lifetime output of at least 400 million barrels of oil and fields that had an output of at least 40,000 barrels per day in the preceding year. The ballot initiative would tax oil production using an alternative gross minimum tax or an additional production tax, whichever is greater for each month and each field.

Read NTU's full analysis of Ballot Measure 1 here.

 

Arizona

Proposition 207: Legalizes and taxes the sales of recreational marijuana at a 16 percent rate
Tax Impact: An increase in tax revenues of $166 million annually
Duration: Permanent

Proposition 208: Significantly increases personal income tax rates to pay for higher teacher salaries
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $827 million annually
Duration: Permanent
Summary: This measure would raise income taxes on taxpayers in the State of Arizona. Prop. 208 would impose a 3.5 percent tax surcharge on earned income for individuals earning $250,000 or couples earning $500,000. This surcharge, added onto the current top marginal tax rate of 4.5 percent, would bring Arizona’s top tax rate to an uncompetitive rate of 8 percent. Such a rate would be one of the highest in the entire nation -- a dramatic change from Arizona’s current top rate, which is among the lowest. Worse yet, this tax hike will impact many small businesses, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, and S corporations, which are structured as pass-through businesses, and pay taxes through the individual income tax code, not the corporate income tax. Since over 99 percent of all businesses in Arizona are small businesses, totaling nearly 600,000 businesses, raising the tax rate would be a big burden for job creators.

Learn more about Prop 208 by reading our analysis here.

Arizona Local Measures

Cochise County

Proposition 402: Authorizes an increase to short-term lodging taxes within the City of Bisbee to fund tourism promotion
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would increase the tax rate on hotel rooms, motels, RVs, AirBnB’s, and other lodging places from 2.5 to 5 percent.
Duration: Permanent

Proposition 403: Authorizes an increase to the City of Bisbee sales tax rate to fund general city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $240,000 annually, the ballot text says this measure would increase the tax by 1 percentage point, from 3.5 to 4.5 percent.
Duration: Permanent

Coconino County

Proposition 436: Continuation of a special sales tax rate in the City of Flagstaff to fund general city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $20.6 million annually, by extending the 1 percentage point sales tax rate that is set to expire in 2024.
Duration: Through June 30, 2035

Maricopa County

Proposition 449: Continuation of a special property tax rate within the Maricopa County Special Health Care District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $82 million annually, by extending a property tax rate of $1.9 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: 20 years

Proposition 443: Authorizes an increase to the City of Avondale’s sales tax rate to fund general city services
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would increase the tax by .20 percentage points, from 2.5 to 2.7 percent.
Duration: Permanent

Question 1: Permits the issuance of $87 million in bonds for park improvements within City of Glendale
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 2: Permits the issuance of $81 million in bonds for street improvements within City of Glendale
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 3: Permits the issuance of $10 million in bonds for landfill projects within City of Glendale
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 4: Permits the issuance of $9 million in bonds for flood control projects within City of Glendale
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 1: Permits the issuance of $100 million in bonds for street improvements within City of Mesa
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question: Permits the issuance of $130 million in bonds for the Glendale Union High School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question: Permits the issuance of $125 million in bonds for the Peoria Unified School District No. 11
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question: Permits the issuance of $90 million in bonds for the Roosevelt Elementary School District No. 66
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question: Permits the issuance of $87 million in bonds for the Buckeye Union High School District No. 201
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question: Permits the issuance of $75 million in bonds for the Riverside Elementary School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question: Permits the issuance of $100 million in bonds for the Rio Verde Fire District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 1: Permits the issuance of $134 million in bonds for water improvements in the City of Tempe
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 2: Permits the issuance of $74 million in bonds for drainage improvements in the City of Tempe
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 3: Permits the issuance of $34 million in bonds for public safety in the City of Tempe
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 4: Permits the issuance of $45 million in bonds for park improvements in the City of Tempe
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 5: Permits the issuance of $62 million in bonds for transportation improvements in the City of Tempe
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Proposition 435: Permits the issuance of $21 million in bonds for park improvements in the City of Tolleson
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question 1: Continuation of a special property tax rate within the Alhambra Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $10 million annually, by extending the property tax rate of $2.9 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Six years

Pima County

Proposition 482: Continuation of a special property tax rate within the Marana Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $8 million annually, by extending the property tax rate of $8.4 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Seven years

Proposition 483: Permits the issuance of $6.1 million in bonds for the Tanque Verde Unified School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: 20 years

Proposition 484: Continuation of a special property tax rate within the Continental Unified Elementary School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $175,000 annually, by extending the property tax rate of $1.4 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Pinal County

Proposition 449: Permits the issuance of $75 million in bonds for improvements within the Florence Unified School District No. 1
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: 20 years

Proposition 451: Permits the issuance of $8 million in bonds for improvements within the Toltec Elementary School District No. 22
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: 20 years

Yavapai County
Question 3: Permits the issuance of $30 million in bonds for improvements within the Humboldt Unified School District No. 22
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Question: Authorizes an increase to the property tax rate within the Clark-Jerome Elementary School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $290,000 annually, by increasing the property tax rate by $5.5 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Seven years

Question: Authorizes an increase to the property tax rate within the Prescott Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.2 million annually, by increasing the property tax rate by $2 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Six years

 

Arkansas

Issue 1: Makes permanent a temporary special sales tax rate of .50 percentage points

Tax Impact: A tax hike of $200 million annually

Duration: Permanent

Summary: This measure would make permanent a higher sales tax rate that is set to expire at the end of 2022. Issue 1 would keep a special .50 percentage point tax rate in place for goods and services purchased within the state of Arkansas. While Arkansas’s current state sales tax rate of 6.5 percent is already higher than most states, the nonpartisan Tax Foundation analysis finds that once local sales tax rates are accounted for, Arkansas has one of the highest sales tax rates in the country. When combined, the average state and local sales tax rate is 9.53 percent, second highest in the nation and higher than “high tax” states like California, New York, and Illinois. On a per capita basis, the average Arkansan pays an estimated $1,127 in sales tax annually, twelfth highest in the nation, according to 2017 data (the latest data available).

Read NTU's full analysis of Issue 1 here.

Arkansas Local Measures

Benton County
Levy: Authorizes an increase to the City of Sulphur Springs sales tax rate to fund general city services
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would increase the sales tax by 1 percentage point.
Duration: Unclear

Levy: Continuation of a property tax to fund operations within the Bentonville School District
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would extend the property tax rate of 48.5 mills.
Duration: Through 2034

Washington County

School Tax: Continuation of a property tax to fund operations within the Prairie Grove School District
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would extend the property tax rate of 42.9 mills.
Duration: Unclear

 

California

Proposition 14: Permits the issuance of $5.5 billion in bonds to fund stem cell research
Tax Impact: The state estimates these bonds to cost the state $310 million annually.
Duration: 25 years. The total cost of the debt service cost, inducing principal and interest, is estimated to be $7.7 billion
Summary: Proposition 14  would issue general obligation bonds for the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM), which funds stem cell research. In 2004, voters approved the creation of CIRM, and issued $3 billion in bonds to finance and conduct stem cell research. As of October 2019, CIRM had $132 million remaining and has since stopped accepting applications for stem cell projects. CIRM has been plagued with concerns over lack of legislative oversight, agency inefficiency, as well as conflicts of interest on the governing board.

Proposition 15: Requires commercial and industrial properties to be taxed based on market value.
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $12.5 billion annually.
Duration: Permanent
Summary: Proposition 15 is a proposal to radically change how localities assess property taxes by repealing key sections of 1978’s Proposition 13, which has been heralded as one of the most significant state-level tax limitation victories in U.S. history. Specifically, the proposal would force commercial property owners to pay property tax based on current market value rather than the value of the property when it was purchased. Passing Prop 15 would essentially scrap important taxpayer safeguards and remove some taxation limits from commercial properties such as factories, office buildings, stores and shopping centers. Taxpayers deserve fair, neutral taxation without being singled out for punitive treatment based on the type of property they decide to own.

Read NTU's full analysis of Proposition 15 here.

 

Proposition 19: Changes tax assessment transfers and inheritance rules
Tax Impact: N/A
Duration: Permanent
Summary: This measure would amend the voter-approved Proposition 13 from 1978 to allow homebuyers aged 55 and older, or severely disabled, to transfer their current home’s assessed value to a new home no matter the value of the new home or its location in the state. This would thereby limit the tax increase those individuals would face in buying a new house. While this measure would clearly help some homeowners, it may force localities to shift a larger tax burden onto other homeowners to make up the lost revenue. The California-based Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association estimates this measure could lead to a billion-dollar tax increase.

 

Proposition 21: Expands local governments’ power to use rent control
Tax Impact: N/A
Duration: Permanent
Summary: This ballot measure has the potential to exacerbate the housing shortage by allowing localities to expand economically destructive rent controls on virtually all residential property. Specifically, it would unwisely repeal the bipartisan Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act. Costa-Hawkins prohibits cities and towns from imposing rent control on buildings, single-family rentals, and condominiums constructed after 1995 and on single-family rentals. And for units built before 1995, Costa-Hawkins allows property owners of existing rent-controlled buildings the right to raise the rent to market rate once a tenant leaves.

Read NTU's full analysis of Proposition 21 here.

 

Proposition 22: Allows app-based drivers to remain as independent contractors
Tax Impact: N/A
Duration: N/A
Summary: About a year ago, lawmakers in Sacramento enacted Assembly Bill 5 (AB 5), a radical rewrite of California’s labor laws that has proven disastrous for thousands of part-time workers with flexible working hours. The bill has led to an outcry among independent contractors and sharing economy workers who have experienced extensive job losses, reduced work hours, and have seen part-time “side hussle” opportunities dry up. AB5 was a heavy-handed solution in search of a problem, and now it’s created a significant problem. Proposition 22 would retool the more economically harmful components of AB 5 by relassifing app-based transportation and delivery drivers as independent contractors. In short, it would defang the most controversial and consequential provision of AB5.

Read NTU's full analysis of Proposition 22 here.

 

California Local Measures

Alameda County

Measure V: Continuation of the utility tax for consumers in select jurisdictions to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $12 million annually, by extending the 6.5 percent tax on utilities.
Duration: Through 2033

Measure W: Authorizes an increase to the countrywide sales tax rate to fund health and community needs
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $150 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .50 percentage points.
Duration: 10 years

Measure X: Permits the issuance of $90 million in bonds for the Alameda County Fire Department
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $5.2 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.15 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: 31 years

Measure Y: Permits the issuance of $735 million in bonds for the Alameda County Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $48.5 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.53 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: 30 years

Measure CC: Increases the real estate transfer tax within City of Albany to fund city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $392,000 annually, by increasing the tax from $11.50 to $15.00 per $1,000 purchased.
Duration: Permanent

Measure DD: Authorizes an increase to the utility tax for consumers in the City of Albany
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $675,000 annually, by increasing the tax on utilities by 1.5 percent.
Duration: Permanent

Measure EE: Authorizes an increase to the parcel tax to support emergency services in the City of Albany
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $359,000 annually, by increasing the parcel tax by $65 per residential unit.
Duration: Permanent

Measure FF: Establishes a new tax per square foot of residential and commercial improvements in the City of Berkeley
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $8.5 million annually, by imposing a tax of $0.1047 per square foot of a building when work is done to improve it.
Duration: Permanent

Measure GG: Establishes a new tax on passengers using ridesharing apps within the City of Berkeley
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $910,000 annually, by imposing a tax of $.50 per private rideshare.
Duration: Through 2041

Measure HH: Authorizes an increase to the utility tax for consumers in the City of Berkeley
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.4 million annually, by increasing the tax on utilities by 2.5 percent.
Duration: Permanent

Measure NN: Authorizes an increase to short-term lodging taxes within the City of Hayward
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $3 million annually, by raising the tax rate on hotel rooms, motels, RVs, AirBnB’s, and other lodging places by 5.5 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure PP: Continuation of a utility tax for consumers in the City of Newark
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.75 million annually, by extending the tax on utilities at 3.5 percent.
Duration: 9 years

Measure TT: Increases the real estate transfer tax within City of Piedmont to fund city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $948,000 annually, by increasing the tax from $13.00 to $17.50 per $1,000 purchased.
Duration: Permanent

Measure UU: Permits the issuance of $19.5 million in bonds to fund City of Piedmont community pools
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.25 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.26 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure VV: Increases the real estate transfer tax within City of San Leandro to fund city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $4 million annually, by increasing the tax by $5 per $1,000 purchased.
Duration: Permanent

Measure WW: Establishes a new utility tax on gas, electricity and water in the City of Union City
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $6.1 million annually, by imposing a tax rate of 5 percent.
Duration: 8 years

Measure XX: Permits the issuance of $425 million in bonds to overhaul the Washington Township Healthcare District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $21 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.10 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Amador County

Measure B: Authorizes an increase to short-term lodging taxes within the City of Sutter Creek
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $55,000 annually, by raising the tax rate on hotel rooms, motels, RVs, AirBnB’s, and other lodging places from 10 to 12 percent.
Duration: Permanent

Butte County

Measure D: Imposes a new parcel tax on properties located within the El Medio Fire District
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would place a $60 tax on single-family parcels; $60 on mobile homes; $60 per multi-family dwelling; $200 per commercial/industrial parcels.
Duration: Permanent

Calaveras County

Measure G: Establishes a new countywide tax on the cultivation of marijuana
Tax Impact: A tax hike of up to $3 million annually, the ballot text says this measure would place a $7 per square-foot for cultivation canopy area and 8 percent of gross receipts for all other cannabis activities.
Duration: Permanent

Measure H: Permits the issuance of $32.8 million in bonds for the Calaveras Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.4 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.04 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure I: Permits the issuance of $2.8 million in bonds for the Vallecito Union School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $252,000 annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.01 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2036

Colusa County

Measure 20-04: Authorizes an increase to the City of William’s sales tax rate to fund youth services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $600,000 annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .50 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Contra Costa County

Measure X: Authorizes an increase to the countrywide sales tax rate to fund health centers and hospitals
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $81 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .50 percentage points.
Duration: 20 years

Measure V: Authorizes an increase to the City of Concord’s sales tax rate to fund general city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $26 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .50 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure R: Authorizes an increase to the City of Orinda’s sales tax rate to fund transportation programs
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.4 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .50 percentage points.
Duration: 20 years

Measure U: Establishes a new municipal gross receipts tax on businesses operating in the City of Richmond
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $9.5 million annually, by imposing a tax on revenue with rates ranging from .006 to 5 percent.
Duration: 20 years

Measure S: Authorizes an increase to the City of San Pablo’s sales tax rate to fund public safety programs
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.45 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .50 percentage points.
Duration: 5 years (the rate then drops to .25 and is place for another 5 years)

Del Norte County

Measure R: Authorizes an increase to the countrywide sales tax rate to fund general operations
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.2 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by 1 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

El Dorado County

Measure N: Authorizes an increase to the parcel tax within the Hickok Road Community Services District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $24,000 annually, by increasing the parcel tax from $200 to $400 per property.
Duration: Permanent

Measure P: Authorizes an increase to the parcel tax within the Cameron Park Airport District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $157,000 annually, by increasing the parcel tax from $300 to $1,200 per property.
Duration: Permanent

Measure Q: Authorizes an increase to the parcel tax within the Mortara Circle Community Services District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $18,600 annually, by increasing the parcel tax from $250 to $600 per property.
Duration: Permanent

Measure S: Authorizes an increase to the City of South Lake Tahoe’s sales tax rate to fund emergency services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $5.4 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by 1 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Fresno County

School Bond Measure: Permits the issuance of $120 million in bonds for the Central Unified School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

School Bond Measure: Permits the issuance of $335 million in bonds for the Clovis Unified School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

School Bond Measure: Permits the issuance of $26 million in bonds for the Riverdale Unified School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

School Bond Measure: Permits the issuance of $46 million in bonds for the Washington Unified School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

School Bond Measure: Permits the issuance of $150 million in bonds for the Sanger Unified School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate.
Duration: Unclear

Humboldt County

Measure A: Authorizes an increase to the parcel tax within the City of Arcata to fund parks
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $175,000, by increasing the parcel tax by $37 per parcel.
Duration: Permanent

Measure D: Permits the issuance of $5 million in bonds for the South Bay Union School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $312,000, by increasing the property tax rate by $.29 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Until 2051. The total debt service cost, including principal and interest, is estimated at $10 million.

Measure F: Continuation of a special parcel tax within the Arcata Fire Protection District
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would increase the tax by $5 per property.
Duration: Unclear

Measure G: Continuation of a higher City of Fortuna sales tax rate to fund city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.4 million annually, by extending the .75 percentage point sales tax rate.
Duration: Through March 2033

Measure H: Authorizes an increase to the City of Eureka’s sales tax rate to fund emergency response services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $9.6 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by 1.25 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Imperial County

Measure:, Permits the issuance of $47 million in bonds for the Calexico Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.5 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.06 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure R: Expands the City of Brawley Utility Tax to include new services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.9 million annually, by including internet and cell phone services in the Utility Tax.
Duration: Permanent

Measure T: Establishes a utility tax within the City of Calipatria
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $348,000 annually, by imposing a tax rate of 5 percent on the usage of telephone, cell phone, electricity, gas, water, trash, sewer and cable television, to maintain general fund city services.
Duration: Permanent

Inyo County

Measure P: Authorizes an increase to the City of Bishop’s sales tax rate to fund general city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.9 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by 1 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Kern County

Measure F: Permits the issuance of $14 million in bonds for the Maricopa Unified School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate, but the ballot text explicitly states this measure would increase the property tax levy by $.3 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2043

Measure G: Permits the issuance of $21 million in bonds for the Greenfield Unified School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate, but the ballot text explicitly states this measure would increase the property tax levy by $.3 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2049

Measure H: Permits the issuance of $16 million in bonds for the Wasco Union School District
Tax Impact: The county has not provided a revenue estimate, but the ballot text explicitly states this measure would increase the property tax levy by $.28 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2053

Kings County

Measure K: Authorizes an increase to the City of Lenmore’s sales tax rate to fund public safety
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.8 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by 1 percentage point.
Duration: 7 years

Los Angeles County

Measure Z: Authorizes an increase to the property tax rate in the Altadena Library District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.6 million annually, by increasing the property tax rate by $.10 per square foot.
Duration: Unclear

Measure Q: Establishes a new City of Artesia tax on the cultivation and sale of marijuana
Tax Impact: A tax hike of up to $400,000 annually, by placing a $20 per square-foot for cultivation canopy area and 15 percent of gross receipts for all other cannabis activities.
Duration: Permanent

Measure H: Establishes a new tax on passenger ships departing from the City of Avon for healthcare
Tax Impact: A tax hike of up to $1.2 million annually, by placing a $1 tax on every ship that departs the city.
Duration: Permanent

Measure BB: Permits the issuance of $50 million in bonds for the Bassett Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.6 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.60 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: 36 years

Measure A: Authorizes an increase to the City of Bell Gardens sales tax rate to fund transportation
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.3 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure M: Authorizes an increase to the Bellflower City sales tax rate to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $4.5 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure RP: Authorizes an increase to the City of Beverly Hills sales tax rate to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $28 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure C: Establishes a new City of Calabasas tax on the cultivation and sale of marijuana
Tax Impact: A tax hike of up to $300,000 annually, by placing a 10 percent tax on marijuana activities.
Duration: Permanent

Measure K: Authorizes an increase to the Carson City sales tax rate to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $12 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure Y: Permits the issuance of $298 million in bonds for the Citrus Community College District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $16.3 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $2.5 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure K: Authorizes an increase to the Commerce City sales tax rate to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $8 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .25 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure RE: Establishes a new real estate transfer tax within Culver City to fund essential city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $6 million annually, by imposing a new tax with rates ranging from .45 percent to 4 percent depending on the selling price of the property.
Duration: Permanent

Measure DB: Authorizes an increase to the Diamond Bar City sales tax rate to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $3.8 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure S: Permits the issuance of $79 million in bonds for the Duarte Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $4.48 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.50 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure CC: Establishes a new City of Hawthorne tax on the sale of marijuana
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text states this measure would place a 5 percent gross receipts tax on all marijuana businesses.
Duration: Permanent

Measure UU: Authorizes an increase to the tax on utilities within the City of Hawthorne to fund services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $3.2 million annually, by increasing the tax on utility bills by 2.5 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure I: Permits the issuance of $240 million in bonds for the Inglewood Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $15 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.60 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure LC: Authorizes an increase to the Leicester City sales tax rate to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $12 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure L: Authorizes an increase to the Lomita City sales tax rate to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.3 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure US: Authorizes an increase to the City of Long Beach’s oil production tax to fund city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.6 million annually, by increasing the tax rate from $.15 to $.30 per barrel.
Duration: Permanent

Measure RR: Permits the issuance of $7 billion in bonds for the Los Angeles Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $329 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.21 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2055

Measure LH: Establishes a new gross receipts tax on hospitals operating within Lynwood City
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text states this measure would place a 3 percent gross receipts tax on all for-profit hospitals to fund essential services.
Duration: Permanent

Measure T: Authorizes an increase to short-term lodging taxes within the City of Malibu
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $775,000 annually, by raising the tax rate on hotel rooms, motels, RVs, AirBnB’s, and other lodging places by 3 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure HH: Authorizes an increase to property taxes within the Mountains Recreation and Conservation District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.9 million annually, by increasing the parcel tax by $68 per property.
Duration: 10 years

Measure AV: Authorizes an increase to the Palmdale City sales tax rate to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $12 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure P: Continuation of a special utility tax within Pasadena City to fund general services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $18 million annually, by continuing a 12 percent tax on utility revenue.
Duration: Permanent

Measure O: Permits the issuance of $516.3 million in bonds for the Pasadena Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $28.5 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $4.5 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure TT: Authorizes an increase to short-term lodging taxes within the City of Pico Rivera
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text states this measure would increase by 5 percentage points the tax rate on hotel rooms, motels, RVs, AirBnB’s, and other lodging places.
Duration: Permanent

Measure PA: Authorizes an increase to the Pomona City utility user tax
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text states this measure would increase the Utility Users Tax by .75 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Measure SF: Authorizes an increase to the City of San Fernando’s sales tax rate to fund general city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.1 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .25 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure SM: Establishes a new real estate transfer tax within City of Santa Monica for city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $3 million annually, by imposing a $3 per $1,000 new tax on property sales valued at over $5 million.
Duration: Permanent

Measure R: Authorizes an increase to the City of Signal Hill’s sales tax rate to fund general city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $5 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure ES: Authorizes an increase to the City of South El Monte’s sales tax rate to fund general city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .25 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure U: Continuation of a higher tax rate on utility services within the City of South Pasadena
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text states this measure would extend the 7.5 percent Utility Users Tax.
Duration: Permanent

Measure E: Authorizes an increase to the City of West Hollywood sales tax rate to fund general city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $11 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure AA: Permits the issuance of $183.5 million in bonds for the Whittier Unified High School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $14.9 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.30 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Madera County

Measure R: Establishes a new City of Madera tax on the cultivation and sale of marijuana
Tax Impact: A tax hike of up to $1.1 million annually, by placing a $10 per square-foot for cultivation canopy area and 6 percent of gross receipts for all other cannabis activities.
Duration: Permanent

Marin County

Measure L: Continuation of a parcel tax within the Shoreline Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1 million annually, by extending a $212 parcel tax on properties.
Duration: 8 years

Measure M: Continuation of a parcel tax within the Tamalpais Union High School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $16.8 million annually, by extending a $469 parcel tax on properties.
Duration: 9 years

Measure P: Permits the issuance of $41.6 million in bonds for the Sausalito Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.5 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.03 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure Q: Authorizes an increase to short-term lodging taxes within the City of Novato
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $400,000 annually, by raising the tax rate on hotel rooms, motels, RVs, AirBnB’s, and other lodging places by 2 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure R: Authorizes an increase to the City of San Rafael’s sales tax rate to fund emergency services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $3.4 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .25 percentage point.
Duration: 9 years

Mariposa County

Measure N: Authorizes an increase to the sales tax rate in the John C. Fremont Healthcare District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.6 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by 1 percentage point.
Duration: Permanent

Mendocino County

Measure I: Permits the issuance of $17 million in bonds for the Willits Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $950,000 annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.04 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure K: Authorizes an increase to the City of Willits’s sales tax rate for general city services
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .75 percentage points.
Duration: 10 years

Merced County

Measure S: Permits the issuance of $6 million in bonds for the Le Grand Union High School District
Tax Impact: While the county has not provided a revenue estimate, the ballot text says this measure would increase the tax rate by $.27 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2048

Mono County

Measure G: Continuation of a parcel tax within the Mammoth Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $620,000 annually, by continuing a $59 parcel tax.
Duration: 5 years

Monterey County

Measure H: Permits the issuance of $4 million in bonds for the Shandon Joint Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $260,000 annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.04 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2048

Measure I: Permits the issuance of $6.2 million in bonds for the San Miguel Joint Union School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $580,000 annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.03 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2039

Measure J: Permits the issuance of $24.5 million in bonds for the Gonzales Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1.5 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.59 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2049. The total debt cost, including principal and interest, is estimated at $41.3 million

Measure K: Permits the issuance of $37 million in bonds for the Gonzales Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2.3 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.59 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2049. The total debt cost, including principal and interest, is estimated at $63 million

Measure N: Permits the issuance of $13.75 million in bonds for the Soledad Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $863,000 annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.25 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2049. The total debt cost, including principal and interest, is estimated at $24.2 million

Measure O: Permits the issuance of $30 million in bonds for the Aromas-San Juan Unified School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $2 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.51 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2052. The total debt cost, including principal and interest, is estimated at $57 million

Measure W: Permits the issuance of $140 million in bonds for the Salinas Union High School District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $9.9 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.30 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Unclear

Measure V: Permits the issuance of $230 million in bonds for the Monterey Peninsula Community College District
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $12.9 million annually, by increasing the property tax levy by $.18 per $1,000 in assessed property value.
Duration: Through 2056. The total debt cost, including principal and interest, is estimated at $452 million

Measure L: Authorizes an increase to the City of Pacific Grove’s sales tax rate to fund improvements
Tax Impact: A tax hike of $1 million annually, by increasing the sales tax rate by .50 percentage points.
Duration: Permanent

Measure P: Establishes a new City of King City tax on the cultivation of marijuana
Tax Impact: A tax hike of up to $150,000 annually, by placing a 2 percent gross receipts tax on cannabis related activities.
Duration: Permanent