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What Is The Matter With Missouri?
Posted By: Brent Mead - 09/07/11

Perhaps a harsh title, after all, Governor Nixon and the Missouri legislature are looking at ways to boost employment and they are doing it in at least a nominally revenue neutral manner.

The jobs package being debated can be found in either SB 2 or SB 8. Both are being heard September 7, before the Senate Jobs and Economic Development Committee.

The rough basics are a $360 million proposal to create an aerotropolis plan at the St. Louis – Lambert Airport. About $300 million of the tax credit package would go towards incentivizing warehouse construction with the bulk of the remainder going to carry-forward cargo operators. Other side projects include expanding the Quality Jobs Program, which offers a tax credit for businesses who hire a net number of positions at a certain wage level. Also included is a credit for advertising for amateur athletic sports competitions. The entire package is financed by acting on last year’s Tax Credit Review Commission’s recommendations to sunset or eliminate about a dozen tax credits.

The problems with the package are numerous. The Show-Me Institute covers the basics of the aerotropolis plan. In short, the tax credits would only apply to new warehouse construction, despite a glut of unused storage capacity in the area. Furthermore, Missouri has not undertaken the sort of long-term cost-benefit analysis necessary to adequately study such an endeavor.

Some of the other new or expanded programs carry potential for abuse as well. In that same report, the Show-Me Institute highlights a case where Liberty Mutual Group received $1.6 million in taxpayer subsidies under the Quality Jobs Program despite laying off 45 employees and then offering to rehire those same employees at a lower wage.

However; all that said, the real problem is that this proposal varies from the status quo only in who the state has picked to be winners and losers. Governor Nixon’s proposal simply shifts the tax burden from one special economic class to a new special interest. All Missouri citizens and businesses should have the benefits of a low tax burden, not just a select few.

If Missouri wants to compete globally and against it neighbors the state must look to lower this burden. Tennessee already has no state income tax. Kansas and Oklahoma are looking at doing the same. ALEC’s Rich States, Poor States highlights precisely why Missouri should go down this road. Over the past decade, Missouri has experienced relatively lower economic growth, a lower increase in tax receipts, and a lower growth in non-farm payroll. Tennessee’s smarter underlying tax structure led to these differences. If Missouri continues to rely on out-dated thinking that targeted tax credits can outperform broad based tax relief then it will continue to fall further behind.  

What is the matter in Missouri right now is the failure to seize an opportunity. The Missouri legislature can put an end to the government favoritism and offer broad tax reform that brings real relief to taxpayers that will make the state more competitive in the long run.

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Michigan eyes eliminating its tax on business equipment
Posted By: Brent Mead - 09/02/11

Next week, the Michigan State Legislature reconvenes for its fall session. Like all other states and Washington, D.C., job creation needs to be job one for the politicians in Lansing. Lt. Governor Brian Colley is on the right track in his recent tour calling for the elimination of the Personal Property Tax.

Michigan’s Personal Property Tax (PPT) is levied against property not somehow bolted to the earth; so things like office furniture, equipment, and industrial machinery. Note that despite being called ‘Personal,’ the PPT only applies to businesses as household property has been exempt for decades. All told, the PPT costs manufacturers and small businesses around $1.2 billion per year. No wonder Ford Motor Co. called it, “the largest and most uncompetitive tax burden we and other manufacturers face in Michigan.”

What complicates the matter is that municipalities and county governments rely heavily on this revenue. Roughly 80% of the $1.2 billion Michigan collected went to local school districts, cities, and counties. I appreciate the sentiment of the Jackson Citizen Patriot Staff that the solution to the lost local revenue can be found in government consolidation and budget efficiencies. However, I do not think that is necessarily politically feasible nor is it necessarily possible in areas such as River Rouge where 57% of general operating funds come from this tax.

At the risk of stoking collegiate rivalries, Ohio has been ahead of the curve on this issue. In 2005 the Buckeye State started to phase out its personal property tax, realizing it was a hindrance on economic growth. The tax was reduced in gradual steps from 2005-2009 and is now completely off the books. Ohio overcame the local political issue by imposing a new Commercial Activity Tax, which is a variation of a gross receipts tax to hold harmless education funding levels until at least 2013.

An alternate roadmap can be found out in Montana. Big Sky legislators cut their business equipment tax from 3% to 2%, while adding triggers for further reductions pending economic growth. Like Michigan, the most vocal, and really only, opposition came from local governments worried over the potential loss of revenue. Montana responded by backfilling most, not all, of the lost revenue by eliminating a host of tax credits including the film production and home energy efficiency incentives.

Ohio and Montana offer two possible fixes for the local revenue problem. Neither solution is perfect, but both states moved the ball in the right direction. Folks in Lansing should look and learn from other state's experience on this issue and then move forward to eliminate the personal property tax. Doing so will make the state more competitive in the region and globally, reduce administrative burdens, and create jobs.

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With Many Businesses Closing Their Doors, It's Time to Open a "Repatriation Window"
Posted By:  - 08/25/11

Remember the good ol' days? Back when the United States only had the second highest corporate tax rate in the industrialized world? Those were good times. But with Japan having implemented a 5 percent cut in their corporate rate (and potentially seeking further reductions) America is left with the ignominy of taxing it's businesses more than any other developed country. 

Permanent and fundamental reform is needed to reduce America's corporate income tax burden. Unfortunately, beyond punitively hiking taxes on a few disfavored industries (oil), President Obama has shown little willingness to make any wholesale changes to our uncompetitive tax regime.

But as NTU has argued, while we're waiting on the politics of larger reform, can't we at least build a consensus around a common-sense corporate tax holiday? The idea would be to create a period of time in which U.S.-based businesses could repatriate, that is to say, bring back, foreign earnings that they were stashing overseas so as not to pay our sky-high tax rates.

Sure, it's not ideal, but it could allow companies to reduce debt, increase investment, and jumpstart hiring. And in case you've been living under a rock (or vacationing in Martha's Vineyard) those are three things the American economy could sorely use right about now.

So what's the hold up? Well, some have begun to argue that the cost of a repatriation window is just to high, especially at a time of deep deficits. They say that the expectation of future tax holidays would lead businesses to simply park their cash overseas rather than bring it back at normal tax rates.

A new study out by NDN, a progressive think tank, should allay these fears. "Rather than the $78.7 billion revenue loss projected by the JCT, enacting a "repatriation" provision similar to H.R. 1834 this year would likely bring in a net $8.7 billion over 10 years to the U.S. Treasury," says the group via press release.

The study also found that the last repatriation holiday led to significantly more money being brought to the U.S. than expected under the JCT model and did not lead to a sharp decline in money repatriated at the standard 35 percent rate.

 

Washington should absolutely push for more fundamental corporate reforms to ensure American businesses remain competitive in the global economy, but in the meantime a corporate tax holiday could provide a useful boost to GDP while also helping to pay down our staggering deficit.

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Cartoon Monday - Super Committee
Posted By:  - 08/22/11

Cartoons are back after a lengthy hiatus.  A Congressional Super Committee-related cartoon via Tim Wise.

 


Matson's World

NTUF has released an analysis of the Super Committee.  You can read the release here.

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Eliminate the Gas Tax?
Posted By:  - 08/19/11

TaxGirl asks the following question at Forbes:  "Should the federal gas tax be reduced or eliminated in order to jump start the economy?"

Would it help?  Would it make a difference at all?  Would our infrastructure implode without the funding?  Share your thoughts with us and with TaxGirl.

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Members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction
Posted By:  - 08/11/11

12:45 Update:  The Wall Street Journal is reporting "Pelosi names Reps. Becerra, Clyburn and Van Hollen to debt panel."  Those Members and their scores have been added to the table.

 

Nine of the 12 members of the Joint Select Committe on Deficit Reduction have been announced.  The panel is charged with producing a plan to reduce federal spending by $1.5 trillion over the next ten years.  As we did with the Bowles-Simpson Commission, we take a look at the NTU Rates Congress scores of the panel's members to see how taxpayer-friendly the panel's recommendations might -- or might not -- be.

As with the Deficit Commission, Nancy Pelosi is the last one to make her selections. 

 

  Members of the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction and Their NTU Rates Congress Scores

Harry Reid's Selections
 
 Max Baucus (MT)
 F
 John Kerry (MA)  F
 Patty Murray (WA)  F
   
Mitch McConnell's Selections  
   
 Jon Kyl (AZ)
 A
 Rob Portman (OH)
 B (2004)
 Pat Toomey (PA)
 A (2004)
   
 Nancy Pelosi's Selections  
  Xavier Becerra (CA)
 F
  James Clyburn (SC)
 F
  Chris Van Hollen (MD)
 F
 
 
John Boehner's Selections
 
 Dave Camp (MI)
 B+
 Jeb Hensarling (TX)
 A
 Fred Upton (MI)
 B
 
Images from The New York Times
 
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High Tax Rate Threatens to Stunt US Growth
Posted By:  - 08/08/11

If you've spent much time reading the news the past few days you already know that good news has been few and far between. Our credit rating has been downgraded because of unsustainable debt, the stock market has plunged as the world economic outlook remains uncertain, and the U.S. economy isn't growing fast enough to put a dent in unemployment.

But in an increasingly globalized marketplace, our pain can be other countries gain. Sadly, rather than attempt to alleviate the problem, Washington has only made it worse by maintaining the second highest corporate tax rate in the developed world. As the LA Times reported today,

 

Many major U.S. companies are making big plans to expand overseas even as some of them announce new layoffs at home, and there's a chilling reason why: They're beginning to give up on the American consumer as a source of future growth.

For years, U.S. companies went off shore to get cheaper labor and lower manufacturing costs for products to be sold to Americans. Now, as the nation's economy stalls and personal incomes stagnate, they see consumers in Asia and Latin America as offering brighter prospects for future sales and profits.

In effect, as many corporate executives look ahead, the United States has a diminishing place in their thinking.

The nation's tax laws reinforce the pattern. American companies have piled up mountains of profits overseas, but they must pay very high taxes if they bring the money home. So instead of investing back home, they are more apt to put the money into overseas expansion, adding jobs there.

If America wants to remain a viable destination for capital and hold its spot as the world's top economy, our elected representatives must begin to take steps to make our corporate tax code more competitive. While fundamental reform of the tax code may take time, there is a step Washington could take immediately to encourage businesses to bring money and investment back to our shores - a corporate tax holiday. Representative Kevin Brady's (R-TX) "Freedom to Invest Act" would do just that, allowing companies to repatriate foreign earnings at a rate of 5.25 percent for one year. Read more about NTU's efforts to support this bill by clicking HERE. 

 


 

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5 Things Washington Could Do to Jumpstart Job Creation
Posted By:  - 08/05/11

The debt ceiling debate has come to a merciful (if not ideal) come to an end. What is President Obama to do now? Why, pivot to jobs of course.

Sadly, it didn’t take a crack political mind, insider sources, or ESP to figure out what the White House was planning, you just have to look at history. A pivot to job creation has become Democrats go-to move. In fact, Ben Smith of Politico has identified at least six-other times that the Obama Administration has announced a similar shift.

Despite all the claims of a “laser-like focus” on jobs, the White House has never actually gotten around to it. Instead, apparently unable to walk and chew gum at the same time, he is consistently sidetracked by other things. But after more than two years and seven pivots Americans should begin to wonder whether it is truly an inability to multitask or whether it is simply that the Obama Administration has no idea how to promote job creation in the first place. It is almost as if he opened his Keynesian bag of tricks to discover it contained only one trick – stimulus.

 So while the Administration pivots themselves in circles, here are several actions that Washington could pursue to create the environment needed for job growth:

  1. Reduce the regulatory burden on businesses. The Code of Federal Regulations is over 163,000 pages and the Administration has tacked on another 600+ this month alone. The regulatory tidal wave is only predicted to grow as myriad rules are handed down as a result of the health care reform bill and Dodd-Frank. A quick solution would be to pass the Regulations from the Executive in Need of Scrutiny (REINS) Act which would require Congress to take an up-or-down vote on all proposed rules that would have an annual economic impact of $100 million or more.
  2. Ratify the pending free trade agreements with Panama, Colombia, and Korea without making it conditional upon continuation of the Trade Adjustment Assistance program. Free trade agreements have contributed to America’s place as the world’s largest exporter. Although the 17 nations covered under our current FTAs represent only 7.5 percent of the world’s non-U.S. gross GDP, they purchase 40 percent of U.S. exports. Passage of further free trade agreements would provide a further boost to U.S. manufacturers, through reduced tariffs, and taxpayers, in lower priced goods – both of which would help to jumpstart our sluggish recovery.
  3. Complete approval of the Keystone XL pipeline from Canada.  This could be accomplished by Senate passage of HR 1938 (it already sailed through the House), which would expedite a final decision on the permitting process for the Keystone XL pipeline. This pipeline would create an estimated 343,000 American jobs as well as provide an additional 500,000 barrels of oil a day from Canada – our largest and most stable supplier.
  4. Encourage safe and responsible domestic energy development. Government inaction and bureaucratic obstructionism has left the approval process for offshore lease sales at a standstill. The implicit “permitorium” has forced rigs to leave our waters, energy exploration to dramatically slow, and investment to flow to other countries. House Republicans have passed multiple pieces of legislation including H.R. 1229, H.R. 1230, and H.R. 1231, to loosen the government’s stranglehold on America’s expansive oil and natural gas deposits. The Senate should move quickly to pass these bills.  
  5. Support a repatriation holiday. America’s sky-high corporate tax rate coupled with its outdated use of a worldwide tax system places U.S. businesses at a competitive disadvantage. Although fundamental reform of our corporate tax structure should be on the top of Washington’s to-do list, a repatriation holiday, such as that offered by H.R. 1834 would provide an immediate lift to businesses. The bill, which would allow companies to bring back foreign earnings at a lower tax rate, would allow companies to reduce debt, increase investment, and create jobs.

These few simple ideas, many of which have already passed the House of Representatives, would provide an immediate spark to our economy. If only the Obama Administration would stop pivoting and start focusing on such policies perhaps America could escape its prolonged economic malaise.  

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White House Admits Tax Relief Creates Jobs? Taxes Kill Jobs?
Posted By: Douglas Kellogg - 08/05/11

In a White House Press Conference, Press Secretary Jay Carney seems to spill the beans that tax hikes kill jobs. He pretty explicitely says tax cuts create jobs, which is a belief that goes hand-in-hand with the understanding that tax hikes would kill jobs...This makes a variety of the President's policies from tax hikes in Obamacare, to recently peddling for energy industry taxes, rather confusing. Rather than head on a taxpayer funded bus tour of battleground states to talk about jobs, perhaps the President is well aware he should look to relieve the tax burden instead?

Transcript provided by Real Clear Politics

MR. CARNEY: "Well, the White House doesn’t create jobs. The government together -- White House, Congress -- creates policies that allow for greater job creation. And that can be through tax cuts, for example, for working Americans; everyone who works pays a payroll tax. And the tax cut that this President pushed for, for one year, for this calendar year, he’s pushing for to be extended next year."

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Yes, Virginia, the New Supercommittee Can Include Tax Hikes
Posted By: Andrew Moylan - 08/01/11

So, there's a debt ceiling "deal" in Washington after months of haggling. The outline has some things to commend it (substantial and enforceable spending cuts, no immediate tax increases), and some things that have prevented NTU from supporting it (doesn't require passage of a Balanced Budget Amendment). But one of the most confusing aspects has been the so-called "Supercommittee" the debt ceiling bill establishes. This evenly-divided 12-member Joint Select Committee would be required to pursue $1.5 trillion in deficit reduction to report before Thanksgiving and, should a majority of 7 or more committee Members support its recommendations, Congress would be required to give the resulting bill expedited floor consideration (AKA no amendments, no filibuster) in both chambers by Christmas.

But note that its goal isn't spending reduction, it's deficit reduction. That's a code that should set off alarm bells for conservatives as setting the stage for tax increases. In fact, if you look at the legislative language of the new version you'll find that there is no prohibition on inclusion of tax hikes. So why is it that Republican proponents of the bill have claimed this shouldn't be cause for concern? Speaker John Boehner's own presentation to his conference said that the structure would "effectively mak[e] it impossible for the Joint Committee to increase taxes." Who's right here; does the bill allow for tax increases or not? The answer is that it does indeed allow for tax increases, and here's why.

The Speaker is referring to the fact that the committee will be required to operate on the Congressional Budget Office's "current law" baseline, which assumes that ALL of the Bush tax cuts expire and the Alternative Minimum Tax dramatically expands. That means that once those changes kick in at the end of 2012 we're looking at $3.5 trillion worth of built-in tax increases over a decade. As such, any monkeying with marginal income tax rates that would leave them below the full Clinton levels (i.e. an attempt to extend all Bush tax cuts except those for the "wealthy") would actually be scored as a "tax cut" from the assumed $3.5 trillion hike in the baseline, thus failing to fulfill the committee's required goal of reducing the deficit. In order to produce something that would score as a "tax increase" by altering marginal rates, you'd have to go above and beyond Clinton levels and increase taxes even more than the $3.5 trillion that's baked into the cake, something that I can't imagine any Republican agreeing to.

So the Speaker is right that the structure of the committee effectively protects against marginal rate increases or any wholesale tax reform that would yield dramatically more revenue than the additional $3.5 trillion that's already built in, but here's what is being ignored. The Supercommittee could very easily take a number of actions that would both hike taxes compared to where they are today and score as a deficit-reducing tax increase on CBO's current law baseline. For example, they could implement a cap of the mortgage interest deduction with the intention of reducing that benefit for wealthier Americans. That policy would likely amount to a substantial tax increase and would count as a deficit-reducer on CBO's current law baseline. The same is true of any number of changes to credits, deductions, or exemptions. The Supercommittee could also resort to tax surcharges, much the way the 2010 health care law did. They could easily add a brand new tax surcharge of, say, 5% on incomes over $1 million. This is essentially creating a new layer of taxation on top of the existing marginal rate structure. Such a surcharge would amount to a substantial tax increase and would count as a deficit-reducer on CBO's current law baseline.

As you can see, it's not accurate to say that the committee's structure makes tax increases impossible. It makes changing marginal tax rates close to impossible, but it doesn't really do anything to constrain the ability of the committee to modify credits, deductions, and exemptions in a way that could bring hundreds of billions in new tax revenue to pay for Washington's overspending. But proponents of this bill say that there are two more backstops: the appointees to the committee, and the House of Representatives. They say that if we appoint conservatives to the committee that they'll refuse to agree to a report including tax hikes. That may well be true, but I don't know how confident I am given that apparently dozens of Senate Republicans are supporting the so-called "Gang of Six" proposal which seeks a $2.3 trillion tax hike achieved in large part through modifications to credits, deductions, and exemptions. All the committee needs to secure expedited consideration of its proposals is for one Republican to join all six Democrats.

As for the House of Representatives and its strong Republican anti-tax majority, that too is of little comfort. If Democrats united in support of a package including tax increases, they'd easily secure Senate passage and would only need 25 Republicans to join the 193 Democrats to secure House passage. Normally I'd be confident that Republicans could muster a sufficient number of votes against a tax increase, but the Gang of Six experience and the profusion of rhetoric conflating reductions in tax burdens through credits/deductions/exemptions with actual government spending gives me serious pause.

This has been a long post, but the bottom line is this: the Supercommittee can include tax hikes and you can bet your bottom dollar that President Obama and Congressional Democrats, many of whom feel burned by this current debt ceiling deal, will push extremely hard to make sure that it does exactly that.

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